Active ingredients in detail
Acetyl Glucosamine, Carotene, Alanine, Urea are skin identical components as they are present within Natural Moisturizing Factor (NMF) — a group of substances produced by epidermal cells for maintaining proper hydration level. The abovementioned ingredients help to maintain optimal NMF content in the skin thereby contributing to skin elasticity and barrier function.
Ceramides 1, 2, 3, 6II help to restore protective barrier by replenishing skin’s natural lipids lost due to environmental exposure and aging.
Fullerenes are powerful antioxidants which surpass other known antioxidants in free-radicals fighting qualities. To neutralize one free radical molecule it takes one molecule of antioxidant — once these 2 molecules meet they «destroy» each other forming a neutral compound, loosing initial properties and ceasing to exist in initial form. Fullerenes have an ability to neutralize a greater amount of free radicals while remaining themselves.
Hydrolyzed Collagen and Hydrolyzed Elastin are low molecular weight forms of collagen and elastin reduced to smaller particles capable to penetrate the skin. Collagen and elastin are naturally present in the skin helping to control skin density and firmness as their fibers can stretch and return to the original shape. Besides, collagen contributes to skin hydration because it retains 30 times its weight in moisture. However, the synthesis of collagen and elastin gradually diminishes with aging causing loss of skin elasticity, reduction of firmness and appearance of wrinkles. Hydrolyzed forms of collagen and elastin help to maintain optimal moisture level and improve elasticity from within as they are able to pass through the intercellular spaces of the skin.
Hydrolyzed Hyaluronic Acid is a low molecular weight form of hyaluronic acid. Hyaluronic acid (HA) is an essential structural element of the skin. The main function of HA is binding and retaining moisture. With its ability to hold up to 1000 times its weight in water, HA performs significant role in maintaining a normal level of skin hydration. Besides, HA helps to ensure optimal conditions for cell functioning (it takes part in intercellular nutrients delivery, stimulates collagen synthesis and cellular regeneration, and protects the skin against free radicals).
HA is continuously synthesized in the skin. However, skin aging process and sun exposure result in reduction of HA synthesis. This leads to age-related changes in the skin, loss of moisture and elasticity. Moisture replenishment treatment is essential for maintaining water balance and providing anti-aging care.
What is the difference between the regular hyaluronic acid and hydrolyzed hyaluronic acid? Molecules of the regular HA are too big to pass through the spaces between skin cells. That is why when applied topically, the regular HA forms a film on the skin surface and would be washed off by face cleansing.
Hydrolyzed hyaluronic acid* due to its low molecular weight not only covers the skin surface, but also penetrates the skin**helping to moisturize both inner and outer skin layers. Unlike the regular type of HA, molecules of hydrolyzed hyaluronic acid would not be removed by cleansing as they pass through intercellular spaces and enhance skin hydration from within. Hydrolyzed hyaluronic acid is able to retain moisture 2 times as much as regular form of hyaluronic acid***. It increases actual level of skin hydration****, and gives a silky smooth feeling*****.
- * Hydrolyzed (low molecular weight) hyaluronic acid is derived by fragmentation of regular HA into smaller particles through the process of hydrolysis.
- ** Confirmed by laboratory tests.
- *** Confirmed by laboratory tests.
- **** Confirmed by laboratory tests.
- ***** Confirmed by sensory evaluation.
Niacinamide (vitamin B3) is a cell-communicating agent that is valued for good penetration and anti-aging properties. It helps to reduce appearance of dark spots inhibiting transfer of melanin to the top layers of the skin. It helps to improve skin elasticity and moisture balance, prevent water loss, enhance skin barrier function, stimulate metabolism in skin cells.
Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-4 is a peptide that contributes to anti-aging care helping to support skin elasticity and enhancing intercellular communication.
Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide-7 is a peptide that reduces inflammation process and associated skin damage. After the age of 35 human body starts to produce an increased number of inflammation mediators known as interleukins. This slows down skin regeneration, leads to destruction of skin matrix, causing appearance of wrinkles, sagging and other skin aging signs. Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide-7 reduces production of excess interleukins helping to inhibit inflammatory and skin aging process.
Platinum helps to increase absorption of active ingredients by the skin, maintain natural electrical balance of epidermis improving skin’s ability to retain moisture. Besides, Platinum helps reduce negative impact of UV rays and counter the damage caused by free radicals.
Rice Bran Sphingoglycolipids and Rice Bran Oil are considered to be high performance moisturizers acting as intercellular «glue» that seals in moisture for a long-lasting hydration and softness of the skin.
Reishi Mushrum (Ganoderma Lucidum Stem) Extract stimulates skin cell metabolism, protects against UV rays, moisturizes and acts as antioxidant.
Retinyl Palmitate is a stabilized form of Retinol made with retinol (vitamin A) and fatty acid chain. It acts as antioxidant, adds smoothness to skin texture, and improves water-barrier properties. It helps to diminish wrinkles by promoting production of collagen and glycosaminoglycans that maintain elasticity and retain skin moisture.
Royal Jelly Extract contains a complex of vitamin B, amino acids, fatty acids, minerals, enzymes that provide skin-conditioning benefits. Besides, Royal jelly components can function as water-binding agents. Moreover, royal jelly extract contributes to skin protection due to its natural anti-inflammatory properties.
Sake Lees Extract contributes to anti-aging skincare and antioxidant defense as it is rich in vitamins and amino acids. Components found in sake lees extract provide skin lightening and brightening effect by inhibiting activity of tyrosinase which causes skin pigmentation.
Shea Butter is one of the most efficient plant-based moisturizers rich in antioxidants, fatty acids and vitamin A. It protects the skin from sun damage, soothes and moisturizes the skin, produces anti-inflammatory and cicatrizing effect.
Sodium Acetylated Hyaluronate (super hyaluronic acid) is a modified form of hyaluronic acid with water retaining ability twice exceeding that of regular HA. This ingredient allows upper skin layer to stay hydrated thus protecting it against dryness and enhancing suppleness.
Sodium Hyaluronate is the salt form of hyaluronic acid. This ingredient acts as a water-binding agent. It gives a silky smooth feeling to the skin and helps to maintain optimal moisture balance, forming a film on the skin surface that decreases transepidermal water loss.
Sodium Hyaluronate Crosspolymer (3D hyaluronic acid) is a modified form of hyaluronic acid ensuring long lasting hydration. Molecules of regular HA are linked into linear chains, while sodium hyaluronate crosspolymer has cross-linked 3-dimensional molecular structure. In the course of daily cellular metabolism enzymes break the links of molecular lattice and release HA molecules. HA linear structure makes molecules easily separable and ingestible. Sodium hyaluronate crosspolymer molecules are released slowly as they are held together more tightly by 3-dimensional lattice structure. Therefore molecules remain longer on the skin surface performing hydration functions.
Succinoyl Atelocollagen is a highly purified form of collagen with improved water solubility and enhanced hypoallergenic properties. It helps to maintain skin elasticity and moisture balance.